Green Beans

greenbeansGreen beans, also known as string beans, or snap beans in the northeastern and western United States, are the unripe fruit and protective pods of various cultivars of the common bean

Green beans, also known as string beans, or snap beans in the northeastern and western United States, are the unripe fruit and protective pods of various cultivars of the common bean.

They are distinguished from the many differing varieties of beans primarily grown for their dried seeds; in that green beans are harvested and consumed with their enclosing pods, typically before the seeds inside have fully matured. This practice is analogous to the harvesting of unripened snow pea pods or sugar snap peas of the pea family of plants. Popular green bean cultivars have been selected especially for the fleshiness, flavor, or sweetness of their pods.

Nutrition facts

Green beans, also known as French beans or snap beans, are tender, elongated, firm yet flexible edible pods of bean plant. The beans are one of the delights of vegetarian lovers for their wholesome nutritional properties. They are unripe or immature pods belonging within the common Fabaceae family, in the genus, vicia, and known scientifically as Phaseolus vulgaris

Broadly, tender green beans are classified depending on their growth habits as “bush beans” which stand erect without the need of support, and “Pole Beans” that need climb supports (trellis). The other varieties of unripe fruit pods of bean family include shell beans, Pinto or mottled beans, White beans, Red or kidney beans, Black beans, Pink beans and Yellow wax beans. Almost all the varieties of beans can be available year around across the world.

Fava or broad beans (Vicia faba) are large, flattened light green pods usually eaten shelled for their delicious beans. Lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus) are large, plump, pale-green pods with kidney-shaped seeds.

Health Benefits of green beans

Fresh green beans are very low in calories (31 calories per 100 g of raw bean pods) and contain no saturated fat. Nevertheless, these lean pod vegetables are a very good source of vitamins, minerals, and plant derived micronutrients.

The beans are very rich source of dietary fiber (9% per 100g RDA) which acts as a bulk laxative. Fiber helps to protect mucous in the colon by decreasing its exposure time to toxic substances as well as by binding to cancer-causing chemicals in the gut. Adequate amount of fiber has also been shown to reduce blood cholesterol levels by decreasing re-absorption of cholesterol-binding bile acids in the colon.

These nutrient-packed beans also provide benefits to the health of your eyes and bones, while regulating your digestive processes. They have also been shown to reduce the risk of birth defects for pregnant women. This low-calorie dietary choice is great for acquiring vitamins and minerals without adding any unwanted pounds!

Green beans are members of the common bean family, Phaseolus vulgaris, and are a popular part of diets around the world. There are slight variations in shape in different areas of cultivation and green beans may be called many different things, including French beans, fine beans, string beans, or even squeaky beans, depending on where you are eating them.

Green beans fall into two categories: “pole beans” and “bush beans”. Pole beans tend to climb like vines, require support systems to grow properly, and are slightly slower in reaching maturity. Bush beans are lower to the ground, require no support, and have faster developmental rates, meaning that some farmers and growers can have more than one crop of bush beans in a single season. It is important to remember that green beans are unripe or immature foods, so some people prefer to soak or cook the beans before eating them, but there are no proven harmful effects of eating raw green beans.


While many “common beans” share similar attributes, they are each unique, and are chosen for diets according to the individual properties that each one offers. Green beans are a favorite choice in many cultures for the variety of vitamins, nutrients, and beneficial properties that they contain!


The nutritional benefits of green beans are hard to argue with. These delicious and crunchy beans are low in calories and fat and contain no cholesterol. The fiber content of green beans is very high, and it also provides some of your daily protein requirements. They also act as an easy source for acquiring vitamins like A, C, K, B6, and folic acid. In terms of minerals, green beans are a good source of calcium, silicon, iron, manganese, potassium, and copper.


Green beans provide a wealth of nutrients in addition to being a versatile and delicious element in many different recipes!

Colon Cancer: Recent studies have shown green bean consumption to be beneficial for preventing pre-cancerous polyps that commonly lead to colon cancer. Many studies have tried to link dry bean intake to cancer prevention, with limited results. However, new evidence suggests that increasing dietary green bean intake can reduce the risk of cancerous adenoma recurrence and colorectal cancer

Diabetes: These power-packed legumes have been shown to help manage and regulate diabetes symptoms in many patients. Certain studies have shown a definitive hypoglycemic influence on patients with diabetes. Diabetes is a condition that requires constant maintenance of blood sugar levels at a normal level so the body can perform necessary tasks. Natural regulators of diabetes are rare, and the connection of beans and similar plants to the control or early prevention of diabetes is great news for many people.


Immune System: The presence of various immune system-boosting antioxidants in green beans is well known, but as more research on their benefits is done, it is becoming clear that there are far more antioxidant properties than we previously thought. Antioxidants are beneficial compounds in our body that seek out dangerous free radicals and eliminate them from our system before they can cause illness or tissue damage.


Green beans are a good source of flavonoids and carotenoids, but the variety of those pigments was previously unknown. Flavonoids contain basic antioxidants like quercetin and kamferol, but also more useful and beneficial ones like catechins and epicatechins. Catechins have been shown to reduce the severity of strokes. Carotenoids found in green beans contain antioxidants like beta carotene and lutein. Beta carotene has been linked to a number of benefits within the body.


Eye Health: Certain specific carotenoids that are found in green beans can also prevent macular degeneration, which is a decrease in vision and eye function. Lutein and Zeaxanthin are focused at the macula on the eye, and play a key role in preventing any stress to the inner workings of the eye. Ensuring that these carotenoid levels stay strong to prevent vision deterioration is one of the many benefits of including green beans in your balanced diet.


Bone Health: There are a number of nutrients, such as calcium, found in green beans that are integral in preventing bone deterioration and osteoporosis. Green beans contain vitamin K, vitamin A, and silicon. Deficiencies in many of these compounds have been connected to increased bone loss, strength, and durability. Silicon is not the most common mineral to hear about, and significant amounts are relatively rare in most foods. However, green beans are a terrific source for silicon, which is a key element in bone regeneration and overall bone health.

Gastrointestinal Issues – Green beans are packed with fiber, which is a hugely beneficial compound in our bodies. By keeping enough fiber in our diets, we are able to ease certain digestive issues like constipation, hemorrhoids, ulcers, and acid reflux disease. These conditions range from mild irritants to potentially life threatening, and the amount of fiber we consume is a key element in their prevention. In a normal serving of green beans, which is 110 grams, you can gain 15% of the daily recommended amount of fiber. Green beans are one of the best vegetables to keep your stomach working properly.


Pre-Natal Health – Green beans are also a great source of folic acid, which plays a key role in a number of internal processes, but none are more important than protecting infants in the womb. Folic acid levels in a woman’s body are vital to the normal and healthy development of the fetus in uterus, especially in preventing neural tube defects. Green beans provide an easy and delicious way to keep folic acid levels high, and ensure a healthy and happy baby.

Green beans Nutrition

Also commonly known as string beans, green beans are some of the healthiest vegetables that you can eat. Whether you prefer to eat them raw, steamed or stir-fried, green beans are a great source of many nutrients that can help you boost your health. Here are some of the nutrients found in green beans and how they can benefit you.


Vitamin K

Vitamin K benefits the body by helping to speed up the process of healing. For instance, when you develop a wound or any type of injury, vitamin K helps stimulate blood clotting, so excessive bleeding does not occur. This is the primary reason why patients who are about to go through surgery are given vitamin K before the operation. Vitamin K also enhances the body’s absorption of calcium and also possibly helps prevent bone density loss and osteoporosis. So if osteoporosis is in your family history, you might want to include plenty of green beans in your diet so you can get the sufficient amount of vitamin K. Many studies have also suggested that vitamin K may play a role in preventing cancer.


Vitamin C

Vitamin C is another vitamin that can be found in high amounts in green beans. Just like vitamin K, vitamin C also helps speed up the healing of cuts, bruises and even burns and surgical wounds. Vitamin C is also an important vitamin when it comes to cancer prevention. Thanks to its antioxidant properties, this vitamin is able to protect cell DNA against mutation and damage. Vitamin C also boosts the immune system which is the body’s first line of defense against most diseases including cancer. Vitamin C also works to lower the bad cholesterol in the body, regulate high blood pressure and prevent stroke and heart disease.



Green beans are also rich in manganese. Aside from relieving symptoms of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, manganese can also help fight premenstrual syndrome. A healthy dose of manganese can help alleviate PMS symptoms such as irritability and mood swings. Manganese also helps your body to effectively absorb other nutrients such as vitamins B, E and the mineral magnesium.


Vitamin A

Another good reason to eat green beans is that they are packed with vitamin A. Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant that can help protect you against cancer, heart disease and high blood cholesterol. Women who wish to delay the signs of skin aging will also benefit from vitamin A since the vitamin is known for eliminating signs of skin aging, such as wrinkles, fine lines, dull skin and age spots.


Dietary Fiber

If you are suffering from bowel movement problems like constipation or irritable bowel syndrome, you might want to incorporate green beans in your diet. Green beans are rich in dietary fiber which can add bulk and weight to your stools, making them easier to pass. Eating a diet that is rich in dietary fiber also decreases the levels of bad cholesterol in your body. If you have diabetes or are at risk of developing diabetes, the fiber in green beans can also help in the regulation of sugar in your blood stream

Vitamin K